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Eiropas Komisija izmaksā pirmo daļu no jaunās 1 miljarda eiro lielas makrofinansiālās palīdzības Ukrainai

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Eiropas Komisija ES vārdā šodien ir izmaksājusi pirmo pusi (500 miljonus eiro) no jaunas 1 miljarda eiro lielas makrofinansiālās palīdzības (MFA) operācijas Ukrainai. Otrā daļa (vēl 500 miljoni eiro) tika izmaksāta 2. augustā. Lēmumu par šo jauno ārkārtas MFP Eiropas Parlaments un Padome pieņēma 12. gada 2022. jūlijā.

This additional MFA of €1bn is part of the extraordinary effort by the EU, alongside the international community, to help Ukraine to address its immediate financial needs following the unprovoked and unjustified aggression by Russia. It is the first part of the exceptional MFA package of up to €9 billion announced in the Commission’s communication of 18 May 2022 and endorsed by the European Council of 23-24 June 2022. It complements the support already provided by the EU, including a €1.2bn emergency MFA loan paid out in the first half of the year. Taken together, the two strands of the programme bring the total MFA support to Ukraine since the beginning of the war to €2.2bn.

The MFA funds have been made available to Ukraine in the form of long-term loans on favourable terms. The assistance supports Ukraine’s macroeconomic stability and overall resilience in the context of Russia’s military aggression and the ensuing economic challenges. In a further expression of solidarity, the EU budget will cover the interest costs on this loan. As for all previous MFA loans, the Commission borrows funds on international capital markets and transfers the proceeds on the same terms to Ukraine. This loan to Ukraine is backed for 70% of the value set aside from the EU budget.  

Šī finansiālā palīdzība tiek sniegta papildus bezprecedenta ES līdz šim sniegtajam atbalstam, jo ​​īpaši humanitārajai, attīstības un aizsardzības palīdzībai, visu ievedmuitas nodokļu atcelšanai Ukrainas eksportam uz vienu gadu vai citām solidaritātes iniciatīvām, piemēram, lai novērstu transporta problēmas, lai eksports tiktu nodrošināts. varētu nodrošināt, jo īpaši attiecībā uz graudiem.

An Economy that Works for People Executive Vice President Valdis Dombrovskis said: “This €1 bn payment is a first part of our €9 billion macro-financial assistance package to help Ukraine meet its emergency financial needs caused by Russia’s brutal war. At the same time, we are working closely with EU Member States and our international partners on the next steps to rebuild Ukraine for the longer term. The EU will provide all political, financial, military and humanitarian support required to assist Ukraine and its people in the face of Russia’s continued illegal aggression – for as long as it takes.”

Eiropas Savienības Augstais pārstāvis ārlietās un drošības politikas jautājumos Hoseps Borels (attēlotie) said: “Our support to Ukraine is unwavering. We will continue to support the Ukrainian people -politically, financially and with military means – in facing the adversity and challenges caused by Russia’s aggression. Ukraine is defending its sovereignty and right to exist with determination and dignity. The EU is standing by Ukraine in these endeavours and will continue to do so”.

Budget and Administration Commissioner Johannes Hahn said: “The Commission’s quick disbursement of the first tranche of the exceptional MFA loan of €1 billion shows the EU’s unwavering solidarity with Ukraine and its people. The EU budget plays a central role in this solidarity by backing these funds for 70% of their value and covering the interest costs of this loan. A further example that the EU budget delivers also for our partners in times of crisis.”

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Economy Commissioner Paolo Gentilon said: “With this disbursement the European Commission continues to support Ukraine in shoring up its public finances. In the face of Russia’s unrelenting and brutal aggression, the EU must remain unwavering in its solidarity with the Ukrainian people. Work is ongoing on a proposal for the second part of this exceptional macro-financial assistance, as announced in May and endorsed by the European Council.”

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ES jau ir sniegusi nozīmīgu palīdzību Ukrainai pēdējos gados saskaņā ar savu MFA programmu. Kopš 2014. gada ES ir piešķīrusi Ukrainai vairāk nekā 5 miljardus eiro, izmantojot piecas MFA programmas, lai atbalstītu plašas reformu programmas īstenošanu tādās jomās kā cīņa pret korupciju, neatkarīga tiesu sistēma, tiesiskums un uzņēmējdarbības klimata uzlabošana. . Turklāt šī gada sākumā Komisija piešķīra MFA ārkārtas aizdevumu 1.2 miljardu eiro apmērā, par kuru Komisija 2022. gada pirmajā pusē piesaistīja līdzekļus divos privātos izvietojumos. Komisija 18. maijā izklāstīja plānus Sakari for the EU’s immediate response to address Ukraine’s financing gap, as well as the longer-term reconstruction framework. On 25 July, the Board of the EIB, the EU bank, approved € 1.59 miljardi finansiālā palīdzība, ko atbalsta ES budžeta garantijas, lai palīdzētu Ukrainai salabot visbūtiskāko bojāto infrastruktūru un atsākt ļoti svarīgus projektus, kas risina Ukrainas iedzīvotāju steidzamās vajadzības.

To finance the MFA, the Commission borrows on capital markets on behalf of the EU, in parallel to its other programmes, most notably NextGenerationEU and SURE. The possible borrowing for Ukraine is foreseen in the Commission’s funding plan for the second half of 2022. More information on the aid that the EU has provided to Ukraine since the start of Russia’s war of aggression is available online.

Macro-financial assistance (MFA) operations are part of the EU’s wider engagement with neighbouring countries and are intended as an exceptional EU crisis response instrument. They are available to EU neighbourhood countries experiencing severe balance-of-payments problems. In addition to MFA, the EU supports Ukraine through several other instruments, including humanitarian aid, budget support, thematic programmes, and technical assistance and blending facilities to support investment.

Papildu informācija 

Prezidenta fon der Leiena paziņojums par ES finansiālo atbalstu Ukrainai

Eiropas Parlamenta un Padomes Lēmums (ES) 2022/1201 (12. gada 2022. jūlijs), ar ko sniedz ārkārtas makrofinansiālo palīdzību Ukrainai

Eiropadomes 23. jūnija secinājumi

18. gada 2022. maija paziņojums par palīdzības sniegšanu un atjaunošanu Ukrainai

Makrofinansiālā palīdzība Ukrainai

ES delegācija Ukrainā

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